Browse By

Volume 110 — 2024

Editing Classic Books: A Threat to the Public Domain?

Over the past few years, there has been a growing trend in the publishing industry of hiring sensitivity readers to review books for offensive tropes or racial, gender, or sexual stereotypes. In February 2023, for instance, reports that Puffin Books …

By Cathay Y. N. Smith
110 Va. L. Rev. Online 1

One Year Post-Bruen: An Empirical Assessment

In the year after New York State Rifle & Pistol Association v. Bruen, a steady stream of highly publicized opinions struck down a wide range of previously upheld gun restrictions. Courts declared unconstitutional policies ranging from assault weapon …

By Eric Ruben, Rosanna Smart & Ali Rowhani-Rahbar
110 Va. L. Rev. Online 20

Cyber Vulnerabilities as Trade Secrets

Can a cybersecurity vulnerability—like a bug in code or a backdoor into a system—be a trade secret? Claiming a flaw as a trade secret may sound strange. Usually, talk of trade secrets conjures up images of scientists in laboratories or complex …

By Samantha L. Blond
110 Va. L. Rev. Online 52

20/20 Hindsight and Looking Ahead: The Vision of the Five Eyes and What’s Next in the “Going Dark” Debate

The so-called “encryption debate” made national headlines in 2016 after Apple Inc. (“Apple”) declined to enable the Federal Bureau of Investigation (“FBI” or “the Bureau”) to unlock an iPhone recovered from one of the shooters involved in a …

By Hayley S. Brower & Daniel S. McCray
110 Va. L. Rev. Online 70

Standing Shoulder Pad to Shoulder Pad: Collective Bargaining in College Athletics

Responding to the professionalization of their billion-dollar industry, college athletes have embraced collective bargaining as an avenue for addressing their grievances with universities and the National Collegiate Athletics Association (NCAA). The …

By John Henry Vansant
110 Va. L. Rev. Online 89

Expanding Democracy: The Case for Enfranchising Noncitizens in Local Elections

In the wake of recent state-led movements to restrict voting rights in the United States, New York City passed a law expanding local voting rights. Intro 1867-A defines municipal elections as the “designation, nomination[,] and election process for …

By Maya Kammourieh
110 Va. L. Rev. Online 119

Volume 109 — 2023

Foreword: We Have Only Begun to Fight

This story begins with one parent who took his demands for equal educational opportunity for his children all the way to the highest court of our land. Demetrio Rodriguez served our nation in World War II and the Korean War. Yet, back in Texas, his …

By Kimberly Jenkins Robinson
109 Va. L. Rev. Online 1

The Road to Rodriguez: Presidential Politics, Judicial Appointments, and the Contingent Nature of Constitutional Law

If nothing else, the recent decision in Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization should remind us that the evolution of constitutional doctrine will often be shaped by forces that have little or no connection to the merits of the abstract legal …

By Earl M. Maltz
109 Va. L. Rev. Online 17

The Federal Role in School Funding Equity

Fifty years after the San Antonio Independent School District v. Rodriguez decision, the fundamental reality of school finance inequity remains a central feature of American public schools. Local school funding is still based primarily on local …

By David Gartner
109 Va. L. Rev. Online 35

Addressing the School-to-Prison Pipeline Through Three Nontraditional Pathways

Analogous to Nathaniel Hawthorne’s critique of his leaders’ decision to use punishment as a sign of public accountability, and his adoption of the phrase “the black flower of civilized society” to describe the prison, our leaders in the White House, …

By Gerard Robinson
109 Va. L. Rev. Online 49

Deep in the Shadows?: The Facts About the Emergency Docket

The past few years have witnessed a particular accusation leveled repeatedly and loudly at the U.S. Supreme Court’s conservative supermajority: that they are using the Court’s emergency (or pejoratively, “shadow”) docket to issue highly …

By Pablo Das, Lee Epstein & Mitu Gulati
109 Va. L. Rev. Online 73

The Animal Crushing Offense Loophole

The Preventing Animal Cruelty and Torture (“PACT”) Act of 2019 established the first federal criminal penalties targeting the most extreme forms of animal abuse. Hailed by humane groups as a watershed moment in the development of animal welfare law, …

By Ben Buell
109 Va. L. Rev. Online 99

Chronic Nuisance Ordinances, Impossible Choices, and State Constitutions

When Lakisha Briggs’s partner attacked her in April 2012, her daughter called the police. Their response ensured that neither Ms. Briggs nor her daughter would ever take that risk again. Once officers arrived at Ms. Briggs’s home, they told her …

By Sean Gray
109 Va. L. Rev. Online 124

Catalyzing Judicial Federalism

In response to a U.S. Supreme Court that is retrenching many important civil rights, some advocates are turning to state courts and constitutions as alternative means of protection. The Court’s regression follows a recent ideological change, a …

By Adam B. Sopko
109 Va. L. Rev. Online 144

Noncitizens, Mental Health, and Immigration Adjudication

When a noncitizen commits a crime in the United States, they become vulnerable to the possibility of the government instigating removal proceedings against them. According to the Immigration and Nationality Act, the noncitizen can argue in their …

By Mishan Kara
109 Va. L. Rev. Online 162

The Zero-Sum Argument, Legacy Preferences, and the Erosion of the Distinction Between Disparate Treatment and Disparate Impact

In a complaint recently filed with the Department of Education, a group of civil rights organizations allege that Harvard University’s legacy preference unlawfully discriminates against minority applicants in violation of Title VI of the Civil …

By Deborah Hellman
109 Va. L. Rev. Online 185

Volume 108 — 2022

Civil Rights, Employment Law

Not the Standard You’re Looking For: But-For Causation in Anti-Discrimination Law

In the summer of 2020, the Supreme Court decided the blockbuster case Bostock v. Clayton County, holding that Title VII prohibits employment discrimination on grounds of sexual orientation and gender identity. The opinion, authored by Justice Neil …

By Guha Krishnamurthi
108 Va. L. Rev. Online 1


This symposium about the future of legal pedagogy could not be more timely. Its four thought-provoking papers raise a constellation of questions about how law schools educate lawyers and toward what purposes. These papers describe and assess the …

By Risa Goluboff
108 Va. L. Rev. Online 24

Gender Differences in Law School Classroom Participation: The Key Role of Social Context

Even though women make up roughly half of the students enrolled in law school today, they do not take up roughly half of the speaking time in law school classes. “Speak Up” and similar studies that have been conducted at several law schools …

By Molly Bishop Shadel, Sophie Trawalter & J.H. Verkerke
108 Va. L. Rev. Online 30

The Gender Participation Gap and the Politics of Pedagogy

“Speak Up” and similar studies documented something that many thought they already knew about large law school classes: Male students talk a heck of a lot more than female students do. A recent study of the University of Virginia School of Law adds …

By Anne M. Coughlin and Molly Bishop Shadel
108 Va. L. Rev. Online 55

The Contextual Case Method: Moving Beyond Opinions to Spark Students’ Legal Imaginations

A new student arrives at law school for her 1L year. She knows it sounds corny, but she’s here to make the world a better place. She’s seen injustice and tragedy (George Floyd, Parkland, climate change). She’s protested with Black Lives Matter and …

By Sherri Lee Keene & Susan A. McMahon
108 Va. L. Rev. Online 72

Feminist Legal History and Legal Pedagogy

Women are mere trace elements in the traditional law school curriculum. They exist only on the margins of the canonical cases. Built on masculine norms, traditional modes of legal pedagogy involve appellate cases that overwhelmingly involve men as …

By Paula A. Monopoli
108 Va. L. Rev. Online 91

Lawmaking in the Legitimacy Gap: A Short History of the Supreme Court’s Interpretive Finality

Despite bestowing an epic name upon the nation’s highest tribunal, the Constitution says precious little about the weight that we must accord to its constitutional decisions. That silence has spawned serious division among jurists and scholars. Some …

By Christian Talley
108 Va. L. Rev. Online 112

Standing and Student Loan Cancellation

As the public policy debate over broad student loan cancellation continues, many have questioned whether the Executive Branch has the legal authority to waive the federal government’s claim to up to $1.6 trillion in debt. Some have argued that loan …

By Jack V. Hoover
108 Va. L. Rev. Online 129

Reevaluating School Policing

School police, often referred to as school resource officers (“SROs”), contribute to a pattern called the school-to-prison pipeline, through which Black and brown children are diverted from classrooms and into the criminal justice system. In schools …

By Catherine A. Ward
108 Va. L. Rev. Online 152

Antideference: COVID, Climate, and the Rise of the Major Questions Canon

Skepticism on the Supreme Court toward administrative authority has evolved into open hostility over the course of the past year in two cases related to the COVID-19 pandemic. The legal vehicle was not, as widely expected, rejection of Chevron’s …

By Nathan Richardson
108 Va. L. Rev. Online 174

A Corpus Linguistic Analysis of “Foreign Tribunal”

In March, the United States Supreme Court heard a case involving the issue of whether a private arbitration panel in another country is covered by the statutory phrase “foreign or international tribunal.” The statutory language, enacted in 1964, …

By James C. Phillips & Jesse Egbert
108 Va. L. Rev. Online 207

On Lenity: What Justice Gorsuch Didn’t Say

Facially neutral doctrines create racially disparate outcomes. Increasingly, legal academia and mainstream commentators recognize that this is by design. The rise of this colorblind racism in Supreme Court jurisprudence parallels the rise of the War …

By Brandon Hasbrouck
108 Va. L. Rev. Online 239

On Rawlsian Contractualism and the Private Law

Shifts in academic paradigms are rare. Still, it was not long ago that the values taken to govern the private law were thought to be distinct from the values governing taxation and transfer. This was thought to be true, although for different …

By David Blankfein-Tabachnick & Kevin A. Kordana
108 Va. L. Rev. Online 265

Expedient Imprisonment: How Federal Supervised Release Sentences Violate the Constitution

Each year, more than ten thousand people are imprisoned by federal courts without being charged with a crime, indicted by a grand jury, or found guilty beyond a reasonable doubt by a jury of their peers. Those results are authorized by federal …

By Stefan R. Underhill & Grace E. Powell
108 Va. L. Rev. Online 297

A Silver Lining to Russia’s Sanctions-Busting Clause?

In 2018, Russia began inserting an unusual clause into euro and dollar sovereign bonds, seemingly designed to circumvent future Western sanctions. The clause worked by letting the government pay in roubles if sanctions cut off access to dollar and …

By Michael Bradley, Irving de Lira Salvatierra, W. Mark C. Weidemaier & Mitu Gulati
108 Va. L. Rev. Online 326

The Small and Diversifying Network of Legal Scholars: A Study of Co-Authorship from 1980–2020

This Essay reports the first comprehensive network analysis of legal scholars connected through co-authorship. If legal scholarship was ever a solitary activity, it certainly is not any longer. Co-authorship has become increasingly common over time, …

By Andrew T. Hayashi
108 Va. L. Rev. Online 343

State Abortion Bans: Pregnancy as a New Form of Coverture

In June, when the Supreme Court issued its decision in Dobbs v. Jackson Women’s Health Organization holding that there was no constitutional right to an abortion, the Court was hasty to disavow any likely political consequences. “We do not pretend …

By Caren Myers Morrison
108 Va. L. Rev. Online 381

Volume 107 — 2021


If a foreword were to be limited to one word, and one word only, this foreword’s one word would be joy. It is a joy to introduce to you a diverse group of authors and their writings on the past, present, and future of a social justice movement that …

By Anne M. Coughlin
107 Va. L. Rev. Online 1

A Dangerous Imbalance: Pauli Murray’s Equal Rights Amendment and the Path to Equal Power

In January 2020, Virginia became the thirty-eighth and final state needed to ratify the Equal Rights Amendment (“ERA”). Because Virginia’s ratification—and those of Nevada and Illinois —occurred four decades after Congress’s ratification deadline, …

By Julie C. Suk
107 Va. L. Rev. Online 3

Shaping Our Freedom Dreams: Reclaiming Intersectionality Through Black Feminist Legal Theory

Black feminist legal theory has offered the tool of intersectionality to modern feminist movements to help combat interlocking systems of oppression. Despite this tremendous offering, intersectionality has become wholly divorced from its Black …

By Trust Kupupika
107 Va. L. Rev. Online 27

Termites in the Master’s House: Abortion Rap and Florynce Kennedy’s Contributions to Racial and Gender Justice

Contemporaries recognized Kennedy as “an outspoken activist for the rights of African Americans, women, sex workers, and members of the LGBT community.” In this way, Kennedy united social movements with divergent agendas. She believed that only …

By Hayley Hahn
107 Va. L. Rev. Online 48

Bostock’s Inclusive Queer Frame

Bostock v. Clayton County is the Supreme Court’s first major decision on gay rights written since Justice Kennedy’s retirement. It is a victory for the LGBT community—a momentous one. But this Essay argues that Bostock is even more momentous than …

By Rachel Slepoi
107 Va. L. Rev. Online 67

Mail-In Ballots and Constraints on Federal Power Under the Electors Clause

Crisis often begets crisis, and the COVID-19 pandemic has proven to be no exception. With rising concerns over crowding at the polls, many states during the 2020 elections opted to allow voters to use mail-in ballots to vote in the general election. …

By John J. Martin
107 Va. L. Rev. Online 84

Remedying Police Brutality Through Sentencing Reduction

Police brutality is a widespread problem that causes significant physical and psychological trauma, undermines faith in the law, and disproportionately impacts communities of color. Existing remedies to police brutality—including civil suits for …

By Mark D. Duda
107 Va. L. Rev. Online 99

Why BIPOC Fails

Racial tensions have been endemic to the U.S. since its founding. In 2020, this racial conflict bubbled over into the streets as those supporting Black Lives Matter and opposing a long history of racist police violence congregated to demand justice. …

By Meera E. Deo
107 Va. L. Rev. Online 115

A Prelude to a Critical Race Theoretical Account of Civil Procedure

In this Essay, I examine the lack of scholarly attention given to the role of civil procedure in racial subordination. I posit that a dearth of critical thought interrogating the connections between procedure and the subjugation of marginalized …

By Portia Pedro
107 Va. L. Rev. Online 143

Caught on Tape: Establishing the Right of Third-Party Bystanders to Secretly Record the Police

Throughout the thirty years between the televised beating of Rodney King and the videotaped murder of George Floyd, recordings of police misconduct have given a face to the perpetrators and victims of police brutality. Given the accessibility of …

By Aidan J. Coleman and Katharine M. Janes
107 Va. L. Rev. Online 166

Race, Ramos, and the Second Amendment Standard of Review

Gun control in the United States has a racist history. Nevertheless, federal courts and academics have invoked Southern gun restrictions enacted after the Civil War to suggest that history supports stringent regulation of the right to bear arms. We …

By Justin Aimonetti and Christian Talley
107 Va. L. Rev. Online 193

Government Speech and First Amendment Capture

Alarm regarding government speech is not new. In earlier decades, scholars worried that the government’s speech might monopolize a marketplace and drown out opposing viewpoints. But today, using a move I term “First Amendment capture,” the …

By Caroline Mala Corbin
107 Va. L. Rev. Online 224

From Carrie Buck to Britney Spears: Strategies for Disrupting the Ongoing Reproductive Oppression of Disabled People

In June 2021, Britney Spears made headlines when she testified to a judge that she was being prevented from having children because her conservator would not allow her to stop using contraception. Britney Spears’s dreadful experiences are a glaring …

By Robyn M. Powell
107 Va. L. Rev. Online 246

Black Women’s Hair and Natural Hairstyles in the Workplace: Expanding the Definition of Race Under Title VII

interpretation of Title VII as including cultural characteristics often associated with race or ethnicity, Black women have not successfully litigated the freedom to wear their hair in natural hairstyles in the workplace. Courts have held that …

By Doriane S. Nguenang Tchenga
107 Va. L. Rev. Online 272

Universal Injunctions: Why Not Follow the Rule?

Over the last several years, a debate has flared up over universal injunctions, court orders that purport to benefit individuals across the nation, including vast numbers of people not party to the litigation from which the injunction issues. …

By George Rutherglen
107 Va. L. Rev. Online 300

Some Notes on Courts and Courtesy

This Essay is a short reflection on misgendering by judges, told through a critical assessment of three cases from the Fifth and Eighth Circuits: Gibson v. Collier, United States v. Varner, and United States v. Thomason. In the trio, judges refused …

By Chan Tov McNamarah
107 Va. L. Rev. Online 317

Volume 106 — 2020

Bound Electors

In a decision hailed as “a masterpiece of historical analysis and originalist reasoning,” the Tenth Circuit recently held that the Constitution prevents a state from binding its presidential electors to vote for the winner of the state’s popular …

By John Vlahoplus
106 Va. L. Rev. Online 1

Self-Portrait in a Complex Mirror: Reflections on The Making of a Justice: Reflections on My First 94 Years by John Paul Stevens

Immediately after his death last year, Justice John Paul Stevens received a number of moving eulogies, several by former law clerks published in the Harvard Law Review, along with a tribute from Chief Justice Roberts..

By George Rutherglen
106 Va. L. Rev. Online 28
Education, Racial Legal Theory

Restoring Honor: Ending Racial Disparities in University Honor Systems

In student-led academic honor systems, students establish policies governing lying, cheating, or stealing (referred to as “academic misconduct”); adjudicate reports of academic misconduct among their peers; and determine appropriate sanctions..

By Anna G. Bobrow
106 Va. L. Rev. Online 47

Pandemics, Risks, and Remedies

The coronavirus (“COVID”) pandemic exposed America’s brittle reliance on incarceration as means of promoting justice and social welfare. For each criminal detention site, a single prisoner infection ultimately threatened the entire institutional …

By Lee Kovarsky
106 Va. L. Rev. Online 71

Essentially Elective: The Law and Ideology of Restricting Abortion During the COVID-19 Pandemic

The COVID-19 pandemic has put on full display the physical and doctrinal isolation of abortion from health care more generally. In early 2020, several states proclaimed that abortions had to be stopped or delayed for lengthy or indefinitely.

By B. Jessie Hill
106 Va. L. Rev. Online 99

Blackness as Fighting Words

Where I grew up, the wrong words could turn an innocent sparring match of playground taunts and after-school gibes into a full-out asphalt brawl. Naïve boys enacting popular tropes of Black hypermasculinity, we would often form a circle around the …

By Etienne C. Toussaint
106 Va. L. Rev. Online 124

Volume 105 — 2019

Foreword: Facebook Unbound?

By Ashley Deeks
105 Va. L. Rev. Online 1

Facebook’s Alternative Facts

By Sarah C. Haan
105 Va. L. Rev. Online 18

Criminal-Justice Apps: A Modest Step Toward Democratizing the Criminal Process

By Adam M. Gershowitz
105 Va. L. Rev. Online 37

Law Enforcement’s Pairing of Facial Recognition Technology with Body-Worn Cameras Escalates Privacy Concerns

By Katelyn Ringrose
105 Va. L. Rev. Online 57

Hacking the Right to Vote

By Jacob Rush
105 Va. L. Rev. Online 67

Commuting to Mars: A Response to Professors Abraham and Rabin

By Ryan Calo
105 Va. L. Rev. Online 84

The Future is Almost Here: Inaction is Actually Mistaken Action

By Kenneth S. Abraham & Robert L. Rabin
105 Va. L. Rev. Online 91

Self-Policing: Dissemination and Adoption of Police Eyewitness Policies in Virginia

By Brandon L. Garrett
105 Va. L. Rev. Online 96

Paved in Good Intentions: The Venerable Aims and Unique Vulnerabilities of Purportedly Independent Committees

By Russell Spivak & Alex Gazikas
105 Va. L. Rev. Online 112

Constructing Originalism or: Why Professors Baude and Sachs Should Learn to Stop Worrying and Love Ronald Dworkin

By Charles L. Barzun
105 Va. L. Rev. Online 128

Letter to the Editor: Remembering Charlottesville 2017 and Engaging Black-Jewish Alliances

By Alexander Tsesis
105 Va. L. Rev. Online 149

Foreword: Tinker at 50

By Leslie Kendrick
105 Va. L. Rev. Online 155

The Great Unfulfilled Promise of Tinker

By Mary-Rose Papandrea
105 Va. L. Rev. Online 159

Fill in the Blank: Compelling Student Speech on Religion

By Manal Cheema
105 Va. L. Rev. Online 175

Walking Out the Schoolhouse Gates

By Anna Cecile Pepper
105 Va. L. Rev. Online 198

The Miseducation of Free Speech

By Mary Anne Franks
105 Va. L. Rev. Online 218

Volume 104 — 2018


By Farah Peterson
104 Va. L. Rev. Online 1

Rethinking the Heckler’s Veto After Charlottesville

By Timothy E. D. Horley
104 Va. L. Rev. Online 8

Your ‘Little Friend’ Doesn’t Say ‘Hello’: Putting the First Amendment Before the Second in Public Protests

By Kendall Burchard
104 Va. L. Rev. Online 30

Payne v. City of Charlottesville and the Dillon’s Rule Rationale for Removal

By Amanda Lineberry
104 Va. L. Rev. Online 45

When White Supremacists Invade a City

By Richard C. Schragger
104 Va. L. Rev. Online 58

The Living Anti-Injunction Act

By Daniel J. Hemel
104 Va. L. Rev. Online 74

Underwrites, Overrides, and Recovered Precedents

By Victoria Nourse
104 Va. L. Rev. Online 89

Regulation and Deregulation: The Baseline Challenge

By Kathryn Judge
104 Va. L. Rev. Online 101

Antitrust’s Unconventional Politics

By Daniel A. Crane
104 Va. L. Rev. Online 118

Agency Design and the Zero-Sum Argument

By Daniel Richardson
104 Va. L. Rev. Online 136

Volume 103 — 2017

Common Law vs. Statutory Bases of Patent Exhaustion

By John F. Duffy and Richard M. Hynes
103 Va. L. Rev. Online 1

Reorganizing Organizational Standing

By Ryan Baasch
103 Va. L. Rev. Online 18

Copyright Owners’ Putative Interests in Privacy, Reputation, and Control: A Reply to Goold

By Wendy J. Gordon
103 Va. L. Rev. Online 36

Presidents Lack the Authority to Abolish or Diminish National Monuments

By Mark Squillace, Eric Biber, Nicholas S. Bryner, & Sean B. Hecht
103 Va. L. Rev. Online 55

The Rule of Recognition in Reconstruction: A Review of Secession on Trial: The Treason Prosecution of Jefferson Davis, By Cynthia Nicoletti

By George Rutherglen
103 Va. L. Rev. Online 72

Act-Sampling Bias and the Shrouding of Repeat Offending

By Ian Ayres, Michael Chwe and Jessica Ladd
103 Va. L. Rev. Online 94

Volume 102 — 2016

A Modest Proposal for Justice Scalia’s Seat

By Aneil Kovvali
102 Va. L. Rev. Online 1

The Interaction of Exhaustion and the General Law: A Reply to Duffy and Hynes

By Ariel Katz, Aaron Perzanowski, and Guy A. Rub
102 Va. L. Rev. Online 8

Patent Exhaustion and Federalism: A Historical Note

By Herbert Hovenkamp
102 Va. L. Rev. Online 25

One Last Word on the Blackstone Principle

By Daniel Epps
102 Va. L. Rev. Online 34

Changing the Face of Urban America: Assessing the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit

By Kristin Niver
102 Va. L. Rev. Online 48

Pragmatism and Principle: Intelligence Agencies and International Law

By Craig Forcese
102 Va. L. Rev. Online 67

Discrimination is a Comparative Injustice: A Reply to Hellman

By Kenneth W. Simons
102 Va. L. Rev. Online 85

Data Privacy and Inmate Recidivism

By Chad Squitieri
102 Va. L. Rev. Online 101

Defending Two Concepts of Discrimination: A Reply to Simons

By Deborah Hellman
102 Va. L. Rev. Online 113

What’s Wrong with Sentencing Equality? Sentencing Legality: A Response to Professors Bierschbach & Bibas

By Josh Bowers
102 Va. L. Rev. Online 120

RJR Nabisco and the Runaway Canon

By Maggie Gardner
102 Va. L. Rev. Online 134

Retooling the Amicus Machine

By Michael E. Solimine
102 Va. L. Rev. Online 151

Crowdfunding and the Not-So-Safe SAFE

By Joseph M. Green & John F. Coyle
102 Va. L. Rev. Online 168

Volume 101 — 2015

Bad Actors and the Evolution of Patent Law

Historically high levels of abusive patent enforcement fuel an ongoing debate on the need for legislative and judicial reforms designed to deter bad faith conduct by patent holders. To date, this debate has focused intently on the direct monetary …

By Brian J. Love
101 Va. L. Rev. Online 1

At the Frontier of the Younger Doctrine: Reflections on Google v. Hood

By Gil Seinfeld
101 Va. L. Rev. Online 14

Politicians in Robes: The Separation of Powers and the Problem of Judicial Legislation

By The Honorable Diarmuid F. O’Scannlain
101 Va. L. Rev. Online 31

The Corporation as Snitch: The New DOJ Guidelines on Prosecuting White Collar Crime

By Elizabeth E. Joh and Thomas W. Joo
101 Va. L. Rev. Online 51

Response: The Metamorphosis of Corporate Criminal Prosecutions

By Brandon L. Garrett
101 Va. L. Rev. Online 60

Volume 100 — 2014

A Critique of the Corporate Law Professors’ Amicus Brief in Hobby Lobby and Conestoga Wood

By Stephen M. Bainbridge
100 Va. L. Rev. Online 1

Saving the IRS

By George K. Yin
100 Va. L. Rev. Online 22

Consciously Decoupling: A Response to Professors Barry, Hatfield, and Kominers

By Michael C. Macchiarola
100 Va. L. Rev. Online 37

Noel Canning and Remedial Obligation Under the Constitution

By John M. Greabe
100 Va. L. Rev. Online 47

Famigration (Fam-Imm): The Next Frontier in Immigration Law

By Kari E. Hong
100 Va. L. Rev. Online 63

Volume 99 — 2013

Protecting Same-Sex Marriage and Religious Liberty

By Douglas Laycock & Thomas C. Berg
99 Va. L. Rev. Online 1

Unequal Treatment of Religious Exercises Under RFRA: Explaining the Outliers in the HHS Mandate Cases

By Mark Rienzi
99 Va. L. Rev. Online 10

Noel Canning v. NLRB – Enforcing Basic Constitutional Limits On Presidential Power

By Noel J. Francisco & James M. Burnham
99 Va. L. Rev. Online 17

The Trouble With Dignity And Rights Of Recognition

By Neomi Rao
99 Va. L. Rev. Online 29

United States v. Windsor And The Role Of State Law In Defining Rights Claims

By Ernest A. Young
99 Va. L. Rev. Online 39

Ten Things the 2012–13 Term Tells Us About the Roberts Court

By A. E. Dick Howard
99 Va. L. Rev. Online 48

Volume 98 — 2012

Now We Are Six: The Emerging Roberts Court

By A.E. Dick Howard
98 Va. L. Rev. Online 1

Content Neutrality and Compelling Interests: The October 2010 Term

By Leslie Kendrick
98 Va. L. Rev. Online 14

Wal-Mart, AT&T Mobility, and the Decline of the Deterrent Class Action

By George Rutherglen
98 Va. L. Rev. Online 24

Cautious Contextualism: A Response to Nelson Tebbe’s Nonbelievers Article

By Mary Jean Dolan
98 Va. L. Rev. Online 32

Reading Arizona

By David Martin
98 Va. L. Rev. Online 41

The Scope of Trademark Law In the Age of The Brand Persona

By Laura A. Heymann
98 Va. L. Rev. Online 61

Remaking Lawrence

By Jill D. Weinberg
98 Va. L. Rev. Online 61

Politics and Terrorism: What Happens When Money is Speech?

By Deborah Hellman
98 Va. L. Rev. Online 71

Out of Infancy: The Roberts Court at Seven

By A. E. Dick Howard
98 Va. L. Rev. Online 76

How Lax is Nevada Corporate Law? A Response to Professor Barzuza

By Jens Dammann
98 Va. L. Rev. Online 108

Volume 97 — 2011

Massive Hard Drives, General Warrants, and the Power of Magistrate Judges

By Paul Ohm
97 Va. L. Rev. Online 1

Clear Rules—Not Necessarily Simple or Accessible Ones

By Lumen N. Mulligan
97 Va. L. Rev. Online 13

McDonald’s Other Right

By Samuel Wiseman
97 Va. L. Rev. Online 23

The Supreme Court, Original Habeas, and the Paradoxical Virtue of Obscurity

By Stephen I. Vladeck
97 Va. L. Rev. Online 31

DNA Database Trawls and the Definition of a Search in Boroian v. Mueller

By David H. Kaye
97 Va. L. Rev. Online 41

On Proportionality and Federalism: A Response to Professor Stinneford

By Michael J. Zydney Mannheimer
97 Va. L. Rev. Online 51

Separating Retribution from Proportionality: A Response to Stinneford

By William W. Berry III
97 Va. L. Rev. Online 61

Revisiting the Taxation of Punitive Damages

By Gregg D. Polsky & Dan Markel
97 Va. L. Rev. Online 73

PPACA in Theory and Practice: The Perils of Parallelism

By David A. Hyman
97 Va. L. Rev. Online 83

Volume 96 — 2010

The Mandatory Core of Section 4 of the Federal Arbitration Act

By David Horton
96 Va. L. Rev. Online 1

Placebo Statutes?: Sarbanes-Oxley and Ethics Code Disclosures

By Donald C. Langevoort
96 Va. L. Rev. Online 9

The Immortality of Equitable Balancing

By David Schoenbrod
96 Va. L. Rev. Online 17

Does the Structure of the Franchise Tax Matter?

By Michal Barzuza
96 Va. L. Rev. Online 27

Good Intentions Matter

By Katharine T. Bartlett
96 Va. L. Rev. Online 35

State Judicial Elections and the Limits of Calibrating Access to the Federal Courts

By Michael E. Solimine
96 Va. L. Rev. Online 41

Schrödinger’s Cross: The Quantum Mechanics of the Establishment Clause

By Joseph Blocher
96 Va. L. Rev. Online 51

Of Punitive Damages, Tax Deductions, and Tax-Aware Juries: A Response to Polsky and Markel

By Lawrence Zelenak
96 Va. L. Rev. Online 61

Don’t Tilt the Playing Field: A Response to Polsky and Markel

By Paul Mogin
96 Va. L. Rev. Online 69

Volume 95 — 2009

Who’s In the Club?: A Response to Oliar and Sprigman

By Katherine J. Strandburg
95 Va. L. Rev. Online 1

Does Equity Pass the Laugh Test?: A Response to Oliar and Sprigman

By Henry E. Smith
95 Va. L. Rev. Online 9

Custom, Comedy, and the Value of Dissent

By Jennifer E. Rothman
95 Va. L. Rev. Online 19

Of Coase and Comics, or, The Comedy of Copyright

By Michael J. Madison
95 Va. L. Rev. Online 27

Pleasant Grove v. Summum: Losing the Battle to Win the War

By Ian Bartrum
95 Va. L. Rev. Online 43

The Impotence of Delaware’s Taxes: A Response to Barzuza’s Delaware’s Compensation

By M. Todd Henderson
95 Va. L. Rev. Online 49

From Corn to Norms: How IP Entitlements Affect What Stand-Up Comedians Create

By Dotan Oliar & Christopher Sprigman
95 Va. L. Rev. Online 57

Tiered Originality and the Dualism of Copyright Incentives

By Shyamkrishna Balganesh
95 Va. L. Rev. Online 67

Counterinsurgency, The War on Terror, And The Laws of War: A Response

By David E. Graham
95 Va. L. Rev. Online 79

The Constitutional Foundation for Fact Deference in National Security Cases

By Robert F. Turner
95 Va. L. Rev. Online 87

The Confrontation Clause and the High Stakes of the Court’s Consideration of Briscoe v. Virginia

By Stephen Wills Murphy and Darryl K. Brown
95 Va. L. Rev. Online 97

Good Scholarly Intentions Do Not Guarantee Good Policy

By Greg Mitchell
95 Va. L. Rev. Online 109

Accentuate the Positive: Are Good Intentions an Effective Way to Minimize Systemic Workplace Bias?

By William T. Bielby
95 Va. L. Rev. Online 117

Volume 94 — 2008

Thoughts on Treating Union Representation Processes as a Market in Need of Legally Required Disclosure of Information

By Catherine L. Fisk
94 Va. L. Rev. Online 1

Rent-to-Own Unionism?

By Jeffrey M. Hirsch
94 Va. L. Rev. Online 9

The Market for Union Representation: An Information Deficit or Rational Behavior?

By Harry G. Hutchison
94 Va. L. Rev. Online 15

The Market for Union Services: Reframing the Debate

By Matthew T. Bodie
94 Va. L. Rev. Online 23

The Networked—Yet Still Hierarchical—Family

By Susan Frelich Appleton
94 Va. L. Rev. Online 31

Rights and Realities

By Laura A. Rosenbury
94 Va. L. Rev. Online 39

Parents as Hubs

By Clare Huntington
94 Va. L. Rev. Online 45

Get in the Game or Get out of the Way: Fixing the Politics of Death

By Adam M. Gershowitz
94 Va. L. Rev. Online 51

The Multifarious Politics of Capital Punishment: A Response to Smith

By Darryl K. Brown
94 Va. L. Rev. Online 57

What’s Wrong with Democracy? A Critique of “The Supreme Court and the Politics of Death”

By Paul G. Cassell and Joshua K. Marquis
94 Va. L. Rev. Online 65

The Persistence of Boundaries: A Reply to Rosen-Zvi and Fisher

By Alexander J. Blenkinsopp
94 Va. L. Rev. Online 75

The Boundaries Are Dead, Long Live the Boundaries!

By Issachar Rosen-Zvi & Talia Fisher
94 Va. L. Rev. Online 85

Volume 93 — 2007

International Human Rights in American Courts

By William A. Fletcher
93 Va. L. Rev. Online 1

Sosa, Federal Question Jurisdiction, and Historical Fidelity

By Anthony J. Bellia Jr.
93 Va. L. Rev. Online 15

Sosa and Substantive Solutions to Jurisdictional Problems

By John Harrison
93 Va. L. Rev. Online 23

Federal Suits and General Laws: A Comment on Judge Fletcher’s Reading of Sosa v. Alvarez-Machain

By Ernest A. Young
93 Va. L. Rev. Online 33

The Temporal Dimension of Voting Rights

By Adam B. Cox
93 Va. L. Rev. Online 41

What Kind of Right is “the Right to Vote”?

By Richard H. Pildes
93 Va. L. Rev. Online 45

The Significance of Massachusetts v. EPA

By Jonathan Z. Cannon
93 Va. L. Rev. Online 53

Warming Up to Climate Change Litigation

By Jonathan H. Adler
93 Va. L. Rev. Online 63

Massachusetts v. EPA: The Inconvenient Truth About Precedent

By Ronald A. Cass
93 Va. L. Rev. Online 75

The Lost Promise of Civil Rights

By Risa L. Goluboff
93 Va. L. Rev. Online 85

United States v. Goliath

By Brandon L. Garrett
93 Va. L. Rev. Online 105

Institutional Competence and Organizational Prosecutions

By Daniel Richman
93 Va. L. Rev. Online 115

Deferred Prosecution Agreements: A View From the Trenches and a Proposal for Reform

By F. Joseph Warin & Andrew S. Boutros
93 Va. L. Rev. Online 121

Pleading Standards After Bell Atlantic Corp. v. Twombly

By Scott Dodson
93 Va. L. Rev. Online 135

Rediscovering Dangerousness: The Expanded Scope of Reasonable Deadly Force After Scott v. Harris

By Andrew T. George
93 Va. L. Rev. Online 145

Of Coerced Waiver, Government Leverage, and Corporate Loyalty: The Holder, Thompson, and McNulty Memos and Their Critics

By George M. Cohen
93 Va. L. Rev. Online 153

Expanding Congressional Power in Gonzales v. Carhart

By Justin Weinstein-Tull
93 Va. L. Rev. Online 165

The Hurricane Katrina Insurance Claims

By Kenneth S. Abraham
93 Va. L. Rev. Online 173

Compensating the Victims of Catastrophe: The Virginia Tech Victims Assistance Program

By Kenneth R. Feinberg
93 Va. L. Rev. Online 181

Deterrence, Retributivism, and the Law of Evidence

By Richard A. Bierschbach & Alex Stein
93 Va. L. Rev. Online 189

Criminal Law’s “Mediating Rules”: Balancing, Harmonization, or Accident?

By Michael T. Cahill
93 Va. L. Rev. Online 199

The Perils of Evidentiary Manipulation

By Edward K. Cheng
93 Va. L. Rev. Online 207

Purposes and Effects in Criminal Law

By Samuel W. Buell
93 Va. L. Rev. Online 215

Some Reflections on Custom in the IP Universe

By Richard A. Epstein
93 Va. L. Rev. Online 223

“For Profit Charity”: Not Quite Ready for Prime Time

By Victor Fleischer
93 Va. L. Rev. Online 231


By Mitchell A. Kane
93 Va. L. Rev. Online 235

Why Custom Cannot Save Copyright’s Fair Use Defense

By Jennifer E. Rothman
93 Va. L. Rev. Online 243

Unfinished Business: Racial Equality in American History

By Michael J. Klarman
93 Va. L. Rev. Online 249