Crime Severity and Constitutional Line-Drawing

Essay — Volume 90, Issue 7

90 Va. L. Rev. 1957
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Some speech risks inciting or aiding serious crimes. Other speech risks causing only minor crimes. Some searches and seizures are aimed at catching kidnappers, others at catching bookies. 

Should constitutional doctrine draw lines that turn on crime severity? And if it should, how should these lines be drawn? Commentators and judges have often urged that the first question be answered yes. And yet the trouble with a yes answer is that it requires courts to answer the second question – which isn’t easy, given how bitterly people often disagree about the severity of various crimes (for instance, white-collar crimes, drug crimes, copyright infringement, or even burglary). 

Surprisingly, this matter has rarely been discussed broadly, cutting across various constitutional provisions, such as free speech, the Fourth Amendment, the right to jury trial, and the Eighth Amendment. This Essay tries do so. It identifies four possible approaches to judging crime severity in constitutional doctrine. It discusses the pluses and minuses of each approach. And it concludes that two simple answers—that such severity distinctions are always improper, and that they are unproblematic—are mistaken.

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  Volume 90 / Issue 7  

Principled Minimalism: Restriking the Balance Between Judicial Minimalism and Neutral Principles

By Jonathan T. Molot
90 Va. L. Rev. 1753

Solving the Nuisance-Value Settlement Problem: Mandatory Summary Judgment

By Randy J. Kozel & David Rosenberg
90 Va. L. Rev. 1849

The Limited Domain of the Law

By Frederick Schauer
90 Va. L. Rev. 1909

Crime Severity and Constitutional Line-Drawing

By Eugene Volokh
90 Va. L. Rev. 1957