Black on Brown

Essay — Volume 90, Issue 6

90 Va. L. Rev. 1649
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The most important and illuminating early writing on Brown v. Board of Education is a nine-page essay by Charles Black. Black memorably shows that segregation was a crucial part of a racial caste system. At the same time, he cuts through legal abstractions that made it difficult to answer the question whether the Court’s decision was sufficiently “neutral.” At the same time, Black’s argument suffers from two serious problems: formalism and institution-blindness. Black writes as if his interpretation of the equal protection clause can be simply read off the clause, and he does not engage the complex institutional problems that were raised by the Court’s decision. Nonetheless, the legal culture needs more voices like Black’s.

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  Volume 90 / Issue 6  

What Brown Teaches Us About Constitutional Theory

By Jack M. Balkin
90 Va. L. Rev. 1537

The Road Not Taken in Brown: Recognizing the Dual Harm of Segregation

By Kevin Brown
90 Va. L. Rev. 1579

Time, Change, and the Constitution

By John Harrison
90 Va. L. Rev. 1601

Brown at 50

By Michael J. Klarman
90 Va. L. Rev. 1613